1. IHRAM – Before reaching Meeqat Before Ihram: Remove unwanted hair, trim nails, make ghusl (bath) & wudhu (ablution) or at least wudhu. Put on clothes of Ihram – 2 white un-sewn pieces of cloth for men and regular clothes for women. Women should not cover their faces during Ihram & men should not cover their heads during Ihram.
On entering state of Ihram Niyyah(Intention (in any language) to enter into Ihram) or recite –
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Umrah.
Recite Talbiyah (Hajj prayer supplication): “Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk, Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak”
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Indeed all the Praise, Grace and Sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner.
Going to Masjid Al-Haram (Ka’bah), men to recite loudly (women quietly):Umrah (Tawaaful-Qudoom)
Entering Masjid Al-Haram: Enter with the right foot and recite:
Bismillah Allahumma salli `alaa muhammadin wa sallim – Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika
In the name of Allah, O Allah send prayers and peace upon Muhammad, O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me.
*Make intention for the Tawaf*
2. TAWAAF (Circling the Ka’bah 7 times)
* Before proceeding to the starting point of Tawaaf, Al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone)1,men only - uncover right shoulder by placing Ihram underneath right arm-pit (this is known as Idhtiba).
When beginning each circuit, make a sign with our right hand towards al-Hajarul-Aswad (The Black Stone)2, and recite –
Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest).
♦Men should walk briskly (Raml) during first 3
circuits only, the remaining 4 circuits are done at a normal pace completely around until 7th circuit.
No particular supplication (Duaa) is essential during Tawaaf.
♦Duaa (supplication) can be made during Tawaaf, except it is Sunnah to recite the following when going between Ar-Ruknul-Yamani (YemeniCorner)
Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatan wa feel aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa 'adhaaban naar.
Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!
* Once Tawaaf is complete, cover your right shoulder and offer 2 rakaats anywhere behind the Station of Ibrahim – or anywhere in the Haram: Recite Surat al-Kafirun in 1st raka’a and Surat al-Ikhlas in the 2nd raka’a.
* Drink Zam-Zam water – Make Du’aa
3. SA’EE (Completion of 7 rounds Safa & Marwah)
Begin Sa’ee at as-Safa. Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwah (one circuit), then al-Marwah to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwah. Upon encountering green lights, men only - run from one light to other light. At foot of as-Safa recite – Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha'aa'irillaahi faman hajjal baita 'awi`tamara falaa junaaha 'alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa'a khiran fa'innAllaha shaakirun 'aleemun.
Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwah are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or 'Umrah of the House to perform the Tawaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower.
Each time you complete one round (Safa and Marwah) recite –
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar - laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalah - lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu - yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer - laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah - anjaza wa'dahu wa nasara ' abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He alone gives life and causes death, He is Omnipotent over all things. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. He has fulfilled His promise, and helped His slave, and He alone has defeated the confederates.
*4. Shaving Head/Trimming*
After completing Sa’ee: Men: shaving entire head is preferable or cut hair equally from all over head;
Women: cut one-third finger-length of hair.
Upon leaving al-Masjid ul-Haraam with the left foot, recite
Allahumma salli 'ala muhammadin wa sallim , Allahumma innee 'as'aluka min fadhlika.
O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad. O Allah, verily I ask You from Your Favor.
Remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted. Umrah is now complete and await morning of 8th of Dhul-Hijjah.
*Any person intending to perform Hajj opts for either one of the three types of Hajj:
♦ First Umrah, then Hajj with another Ihram–this type of Hajj is called HAJJ AL-TAMATTU
and it is considered the best of the three forms of Hajj. It is the one that the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) urged his followers to
perform and is the one adopted by most pilgrims from overseas.
♦ Umrah and Hajj with a single Ihram is called QIRAAN
♦ Hajj only; without any Umrah is called IFRAAD
***8th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmut-Tarwiyah)***
Enter state of Ihram
♦Make intention for Hajj, reciting - Labbayk Allahumma bi -hajjah
Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Hajj.
Standing, face the Qiblah recite the Talbiyah:
Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk, Innal hamda wanni‘mata laka walmulk La sharika lak.
♦ Between the time period after Fajr until before Zhuhur go to Mina (preferably in Morning)
Stay in Min
♦ Pray Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and ‘Isha at Mina.
♦ Engage in Ibadah (worship) all day.
***9th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmu ‘Arafah)***
* Stay in ‘Arafah*
♦ Pray Fajr in Mina.
♦ Go to Arafat any time after sunrise.
Stopover if possible at Namirah(place close to ‘Arafah - there is now a Masjid there) and remain there until after Zawaal (sun at highest point - no shadow) and listen to the Khutbah. If this is not possible, it is permissible to proceed to ‘Arafah, remaining there until sunset. Stand upon the rocks at the bottom of the Mount of Mercy (Jabalur-Rahmah); if not, then all of ‘Arafah is a standing place. Facing the Qiblah, with raised hands, supplicate and also recite the Talbiyah –
It is encouraged to frequently recite the following
La ilaha ill Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulk wa lahul hamdu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shay ‘in qadeer .
There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise, and He is Omnipotent over all things.
-this is the best supplication to recite on this great day.
♦Pray Dhuhr & Asr at Arafah.
♦ Perform WUQUF (stand and pray), make dua (supplications) and seek forgiveness until sunset.
♦ After sunset go to Muzdalifah.
*Stay in Muzdalifah*
♦ Pray Maghrib & Isha together at Muzdalifah.
♦ In Muzdalifah or Mina, collect 70 pebbles for stoning.
♦ Spend the night in Ibadah (worship) orgo to sleep until Fajr.
***10th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmun-Nahr)***
♦ Pray Fajr in Muzdalifah.
♦ Leave for Mina just before sunrise. Between the time periods of aftersunrise until the night, calmly proceed to Jamaratul-’Aqabah al-Kubraa(3) for stoning. Facing Jamarah, with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw seven stones at Jamarah reciting –
Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) (after each throw).
**♦Performingthe Udhiya (Sacrifice),
If a sacrificial ticket has been purchased, this is a permissible alternative, otherwise, calmly proceed to slaughter house in Mina for sacrifice. ♦Shave/Trim Hair.
After the sacrifice, Men: shaving head is preferable, or cut hair equally from all over head;
Women: cut one-third finger length of hair.
♦Remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted. Go to Makkah to perform Tawaaful-Ifaadhah.
♦Go to Makkah and perform Tawaaful-Ifaadhah.
Can be performed anytime up to sunset of 12thDhul Hijjah.
Upon entering al-Masjid ul-Haraam with the right foot, recite Dua entering Masjid. (See Umrah section on first page).
No Ihram required. Start at al-Hajarul-Aswad (Black Stone).
♦Once Tawaaf is complete, offer 2 rakaats anywhere behind the Station of Ibrahim – or anywhere in the Haram: Recite Surat al-Kafirun in 1st raka’a and Surat al-Ikhlas in the 2nd raka’a.
♦ Drink Zam-Zam water – Make Du’aa.
♦ Perform Sa’ee (See Umrah section).
♦ Upon the completion of the Sa’ee, allrestrictions are now lifted.
♦ Return back to Mina.
Upon leaving al-Masjid ul-Haraam with the left foot, recite dua of leaving the Masjid – (See Umrah section).
*** 11th Dhul-Hijjah ***
♦ If Tawaf Ifaadhah was not performed yesterday, go to Makkah and perform Tawaf. Then pray 2 rakaats, drink from Zam Zam and perform Sa’ee. Return to Mina.
*Stay in Mina for Stoning*
From the time period between after Zawaal (sun at highest point - no shadow) until the night, stone all three Jamarahs, 21 required per day. (3,2,1)
Facing first Jamarah (smallest), with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting –
Allahu Akbar(Allah is the Greatest)(after each throw)
After stoning first Jamarah(1), face Qiblah (with first Jamarah to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to 2nd (middle one ) Jamarah(2) Facing second Jamarah, with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarah reciting – Allahu Akbar(Allah is the Greatest)(after each throw)
After stoning second Jamarah, face Qiblah (with second Jamarah to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to third Jamarah(3). Facing third Jamarah, al-’Aqabah al-Kubraa, with Makkah to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the sevenstones at Jamarah reciting – Allahu Akbar(Allah is the Greatest)(after each throw)
After stoning final Jamarah, move onwards without supplicating.
*** 12th Dhul-Hijjah ***
♦ If Tawaf Ifaadhah has still not been performed, go to Makkah and perform Tawaf. Pray 2 rakaats, drink from Zam Zam and perform Sa’ee. Return back to Mina.
♦ From the time period between after Zawaal (after mid-day) until the night, stone all 3 Jamarat with 7 pebbles for each one. Leave Mina for Makkah before Sunset if possible. If you can’t leave - Stay at Mina.
*** 13 th Dhul-Hijjah ***
♦ If you didn’t leave Mina, beginning after Fajr, stone all 3 Jamarat with 7 pebbles for each Jamarat.
♦Leave for Makkah.
♦ Before final departure from Makkah, perform Tawaaful-Wadaa’ (Farewell Tawaf) as your last act.
***** Visiting Madina - Masjid-Al-Nabawi – Masjid Quba *****
Visiting Madina is not an obligatory act for either Hajj or Umrah, but there is great value in visiting Al Masjid-Al-Nabawi (the Prophet’s Mosque). The Prophet (SAW) has said :"One prayer in this mosque (Madina) of mine is better than 1,000 prayers offered anywhere else except the Masjid Al-Haram (Makkah), and one prayer in Masjid Al-Haram is better than 100,000 prayers in any other mosque."
He (SAW) also said: "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in Masjid Quba (the first mosque built in Islam), will have a reward like that of an Umrah."
♦ Hajj Mabrur (An accepted Hajj).
♦ Your Hajj is now complete.